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Ratio of wavelength of Balmer series and paschen series

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The ratio of series limit wavlength of Balmer series to wavelength of first line of paschen series is ............

My try

I am getting the answer as (7/128) but the answer is (7/36)

asked Dec 24, 2016 in Physics Problems by koolman (4,286 points)

1 Answer

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Best answer

You are using the wrong numbers for the Balmer Series.

The Rydbergy Formula for all of the spectral series in hydrogen-like atoms is
$\frac{1}{\lambda}=R Z^2 (\frac{1}{m^2}-\frac{1}{n^2})$.
For the Balmer Series $m=2$ and for the Paschen Series $m=3$. It is the Lyman Series which has $m=1$.

The series limit for the Balmer Series has $n \to \infty$ :
$\frac{1}{\lambda_B}=R Z^2 (\frac{1}{2^2}-\frac{1}{\infty})=\frac14 RZ^2$.

The first line in the Paschen Series has $n=4$ :
$\frac{1}{\lambda_P}=RZ^2(\frac{1}{3^2}-\frac{1}{4^2})=RZ^2(\frac{1}{9}-\frac{1}{16})=\frac{7}{144}RZ^2$.

Therefore
$\frac{\lambda_B}{\lambda_P}=\frac{7}{144} \times \frac41 = \frac{7}{36}$.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_spectral_series

answered Dec 24, 2016 by sammy gerbil (28,746 points)
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